BM-21 Grad's can be loaded with 40 rockets, which can be fired of ranges between 20-40km depending on the rocket, and while they've made the occasional rare appearance in the conflict it seems they are being used on an increasing basis, with a couple of examples of missile remnants from the Idlib and Aleppo regions pictured below
A number of more recent videos have been posted showing unexploded missiles, giving us a clear look at what they look like
It's been claimed in some of these videos that these are Iranian Saqr rockets, but the below logo present in each video suggests another source
The logo belongs to the Egpytian Arab Organization for Industrialization (AOI), which states on it's website
- The Arab Organization for Industrialization (AOI) is one of the largest industrial organizations in Egypt.On this link you see some of the military products it creates, including 122mm rocket systems.
- It is State-owned and enjoys an international status that gives it complete flexibility in decision-making.
- AOI strategies are drawn by a Supreme Committee whose Chairman is the President of Egypt and whose membership comprises several Cabinet ministers.
In Human Rights Watch's April 2011 report on the use of Grad rockets on civilian areas in the Libyan Civil War Peter Bouckaert, the emergencies director at Human Rights Watch states that "the Soviet-made Grad in particular is one of the world's most inaccurate rocket systems and should never be fired in areas with civilians" and goes on to say "firing indiscriminately into civilian areas is a clear violation of the laws of war", something there appears to be increasing evidence of in Syria.
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